The scalp eczema is irritated, red, and itchy skin on the scalp that causes flakes and is known as dandruff. It is a skin condition that causes inflamed, dry skin to form on your scalp, itchy, and pain. Now, the most common scalp eczema is known as seborrheic dermatitis. Its noticeable symptom is dandruff. However, this skin disease has no cure, but some treatments can reduce the pain and itchiness.
What Are the Symptoms of Scalp Eczema?
These are the symptoms of scalp eczema:
- Red and scaly.
- Greasy or waxy.
- Very itchy or feel like it’s burning.
- Oozing or have “weeping” lesions.
- Causing a discharge from the ear if eczema continues from the scalp into the ear canal.
- Causing changes in skin color after healing.
There are other skin conditions like Psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis, atopic eczema, and rosacea that show similar symptoms to scalp eczema.
Triggers and Risk Factors
Scalp eczema condition can be worse if it meets with these triggers:
- Extreme weather (cold and dry).
- Certain hormonal changes.
- Harsh chemicals from detergents and soaps.
- Alcohol-based lotions or other products.
- Some medications like psoralen, interferon, and lithium.
- Exposure to an allergen.
- Lack of sleep.
Likewise, having the below conditions can increase the risk of developing scalp eczema:
Some nervous system disorders including Parkinson’s disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and epilepsy.
- Depression or an eating disorder.
- Other skin conditions such as rosacea, Psoriasis, or acne.
- Allergies or a family history of allergies, like hay fever, asthma, and atopic eczema.
- Scalp Eczema Treatments
Scalp eczema has no cure. But, medical treatment can reduce the scalp buildup and itchiness and can bring relief.
The best treatment for this condition comes in the form of shampoo, cream, or gel. By applying those on the scalp, itchiness and burning can be reduced.
Before using shampoo, make sure it has the following ingredients:
- Salicylic acid.
- Coal tar.
- Selenium sulfide.
- Zinc pyrithione.
If you are in the mid-stage of scalp eczema, then antifungal creams, sprays, or ointments would be effective. These products contain coal tar or corticosteroids that help to calm the irritation and stop flaking. In more cases, the corticosteroid can calm inflammation, and doctors can prescribe to treat an active flare-up marked by redness, flaking, itching. But, the corticosteroid is not suitable for users over long periods.
Doctors can also prescribe to use non-corticosteroid medicine like topical drugs, which are applicable for long periods. In addition to that, in some simple cases, they can prescribe an oral antifungal medication.
Scalp Eczema Prevention from Flare-Ups
To avoid flare-ups of scalp eczema, do your best to follow these recommendations:
- Always avoid exposure to all suspected allergens and irritants.
- Clean your scalp thoroughly but don’t dry it out by using only a quarter-size dollop of gentle shampoo and warm. Don’t use hot water as well.
- Make sure your stress level is under control.
- Shampoo your hair after sweating heavily.
Note: Scalp eczema can be controlled by treating, but it also often returns. So, if the condition is not in your control and the skin patches drain fluid or pus, form crusts, or become red and painful, then go to a dermatologist.