Irritable bowel syndrome is a common digestive disorder. While no specific treatment exists for it, many treatments are available that help alleviate its symptoms. One example is antispasmodic medication, which reduces the amount of sodium absorbed in the colon and small intestine. This medicine also increases the secretion of water into the gut, which helps soften stools and speed transit. Some people find relief from the symptoms of IBS with this medication.
Although IBS is more common in women, men are also susceptible. Because it has so many symptoms, you might think you have a different condition. While IBS does not cause rectal bleeding, you should mention this if you experience any. Your healthcare provider will perform a physical exam and consider your medical history. He or she may also order tests to check for signs of infection or redness or inflammation.
Treatment for IBS is often based on understanding your unique symptoms and aggravating factors. Because it may take some time before you regain normal bowel function, you should start by following a regular eating regimen. A regular bathroom routine will help you regulate your bowel movements. Likewise, a regular sleep schedule and moderate exercise can also reduce your symptoms. It’s important to know the full definition of IBS, because it can make your life very miserable.
Although there is no specific cause for IBS, it is believed that it results from an abnormal communication between the nervous system and bowel muscles. This abnormal regulation results in “irritable” or “sensitive” bowels. In addition, the muscles that line the intestine may contract too slowly or forcefully. The end result is that patients may experience diarrhea or constipation at different times. Sometimes, these symptoms persist even after the infection has been eliminated.
Infection in the diverticula can also lead to IBS. Diverticulitis can be treated with medications, but there is no known cure. In addition to medications, a low FODMAP diet can help you identify foods that cause you to flare up. Some IBS medications can help with constipation. However, if you have IBS-A/IBS-M, you may need a combination of treatments for a better outcome.
Although the cause of IBS is not clear, some research suggests that it can be triggered by hormonal changes in the small intestine. These changes in the intestine can result in the body’s reaction to an increased level of bacterial growth. Other factors that can cause IBS include genetics, the environment in the family, and early childhood stress. IBS is usually triggered by stress or emotional trauma.
For people with IBS, changing their diet can reduce the amount of gas they produce. They may also reduce the amount of cereals, wholemeal bread, and other food sources that are high in insoluble fibre. Instead, they may try adding in soluble fibre. Soluble fibre, which makes stools softer, is added to the diet as supplements or by eating more oats. Ultimately, these dietary modifications may help control the symptoms of IBS and prevent them from returning.